Der bekannteste und für Rom gefährlichste Sklavenkrieg war die Revolte des Spartacus 73 v. Chr. Der Thraker Spartacus entfloh mit 78 anderen Gladiatoren. Rom ist während der Serie eine Republik und heute eine Stadt bzw. die Hauptstadt von Italien. Ich bin Spartacus: Aufstand der Sklaven gegen Rom (Geschichte erzählt) | Brodersen, Kai | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit.
Sklavenaufstände im Römischen Reich – SpartacusIm Jahr 73 vor Christus wagt Spartacus das Ungeheuerliche: Er führt die Sklaven in einen Aufstand gegen Rom. Lest Spartacus' Geschichte bei GEOlino! Rebellen wurden gefangen genommen und von Crassus entlang der Via Appia von Rom nach Capua gekreuzigt. Etwa Rebellen gelang nach der. Sklavenaufstände hatte Rom dreimal zur Kenntnis zu nehmen. Ihre Ursachen waren zumeist in der schlechten Behandlung zu sehen.
Spartacus Rom Aufstand der Gladiatoren VideoLegendäre Schlachten Hannibal und die Römer Doku 2016 NEU in HD A Thracian by birth, Spartacus served in the Roman army, perhaps deserted, led bandit raids, and was caught and sold as a slave. With about 70 fellow gladiators he escaped a gladiatorial training school at Capua in 73 and took refuge on Mount Vesuvius, where other runaway slaves joined the band. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The Greek essayist Plutarch describes Spartacus as "a Thracian of Nomadic stock", in a possible reference to the Maedi tribe. Appian says he was "a Thracian by birth, who had once served as a soldier with the Romans, but had since been a prisoner and sold for a gladiator". Spartacus (approximately –71 BCE), was a gladiator from Thrace who led a major revolt against Rome. Little is known about this fighting enslaved man from Thrace beyond his role in the spectacular revolt that became known as the Third Servile War (73–71 BCE). The Third Servile War, also called by Plutarch the Gladiator War and the War of Spartacus, was the last in a series of slave rebellions against the Roman Republic, known as the Servile Wars. The Third was the only one directly to threaten the Roman heartland of Italy.
The entire army was forced to witness the deaths of their comrades as warning to any others who considered disobedience.
With discipline re-established, the new general proceeded to retrain and rearm his troops. Each soldier became proficient in the use of the short-bladed gladius , ideal for either thrusting or slashing.
In addition, the Roman levies were drilled in the use of the pilum , an iron-headed spear whose metal neck, extending to a wooden shaft, would snap downward after hitting an object to prevent its being thrown back by an enemy.
The legions were also divided into regiments, called cohorts, of men each and were instructed how to maneuver on the field of battle. A complete legion stood ready for action with roughly 5, men.
With eight new legions under his command, Crassus pursued Spartacus the length of Italy, getting the best of him in a running battle in the Lucania region in the south.
Stung, the gladiator army limped through Bruttium on the toe of the Italian peninsula, finally reaching the coastal city of Rhegium across the Strait of Messina from Sicily.
Spartacus managed to contact Sicilian pirates, paying them handsomely from gold and treasure looted from countless estates to ferry thousands of his men to Sicily, where he hoped to rekindle the slave rebellion that had erupted there barely a generation earlier.
The pirates, however, deceived the rebels. They accepted the payment but failed to take their fleet to the approved rendezvous. For the moment, the gladiator army was literally left high and dry on the Bruttium peninsula.
Crassus, in the meantime, realized he had the slaves trapped. Rather than face the cornered gladiators in a pitched battle, he ordered his legions to construct a wall completely across the peninsula to hem in the enemy and starve them into submission.
The legionaries excavated a ditch 15 feet deep and wide across the mile distance, then fashioned a wood and stone wall along one edge of the ditch.
Spartacus, for a time, ignored the Roman wall. He desperately searched for some other means to transport his army but could not devise one. With winter setting in and supplies running low, he determined his only recourse was to smash through the barricade across the peninsula.
The Thracian waited for a snowy night and a wintery storm, noted Plutarch, when he filled up a small portion of the ditch with earth and timber and the boughs of trees, and battered his way through.
With the freed gladiators once more tramping toward Lucania, Rome panicked. The senate authorized the return of Pompey from Spain and Lucullus from his recent wars with Mithridates to bolster the legions of Crassus.
Fearing the glory of subduing the gladiators would be won by those political rivals, Crassus redoubled his efforts. Fortunately for the Romans, the gladiators were once again weakened by internal squabbling.
Two more Gauls, Ganicus and Cestus, broke away from the main army to plunder area villages and estates. Encamped at the Lucanian Lake, this splinter band was surprised by Crassus and his legions.
The Romans were afraid that Spartacus would try to free all the slaves, so they sent an army after him.
Spartacus and the other gladiators defeated the first Roman army. So the Romans sent a second army. Spartacus beat this one as well.
Im Jahr 73 v. Hochrufe erfüllen die Arenen, wenn sich die Gladiatoren dem tödlichen Spiel stellen. Das Volk will Blut sehen und bekommt, was es will: Bereits seit Mitte des 3.
Jahrhunderts v. Der Gladiator Spartacus gehört nicht zu den Freiwilligen. Er kommt von einem Sklavenmarkt, von wo er an die Gladiatorenschule in Capua verkauft wird.
They would also be granted the right to change their status from a Roman subject to a Roman citizen. It has been estimated that in the second century AD about 54 million people lived in the Roman Empire.
The Romans, he King Jugurtha said, were men with no sense of justice and of insatiable greed, the common enemies of all mankind So it will go on: they will always choose the richest victim they can find.
The Romans have exhausted the land by their plunder, and now they ransack the sea Robbery, butchery There were always kings and wars throughout Gaul until you submitted to our laws We have only charged you the cost of maintaining peace.
Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Spartacus Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. Jahrhundert v. Gestorben 71 v. Mann Person als Namensgeber für einen Asteroiden.
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Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Römische Republik der Antike. Doch wollte er mit seinem Aufstand tatsächlich der Sklaverei ein Ende setzen?
Forscher bezweifeln es — aber auch sie haben keine befriedigende Antwort. Was Spartacus wirklich antrieb? Wir werden es wahrscheinlich nie erfahren.
Vielleicht wollte er einfach nur nach Hause. Doch das Imperium schlägt zurück…. Fenja Mens. Im Jahr v. When he discovered another Roman army was blocking his path, he and his men did all they could do: turn around and battle Crassus head-on.
But then, when he grew short on supplies, he managed to get a third of his army over the earthen walls. Crassus had previously written to Rome to ask for support from general Pompey in Hispania and Lucullus in Thrace, but now he was set on defeating the slaves on his own.
And so he descended upon groups of rebels that had splintered from Spartacus, killing 12, of them. When the slaves turned on the Romans with great success, they were filled with over-confidence.
Spartacus and his troops were fending off the Roman army as best they could, but it was all for naught. They were cornered and swiftly defeated.
The rebellion, and the arduous attempt to travel back home, had come to an end. Spartacus was presumably killed — though his body was never found. Then he made straight for Crassus himself, charging forward through the press of weapons and wounded men, and, though he did not reach Crassus, he cut down two centurions who fell on him together.
Finally, after his companions had taken to flight, he stood alone, surrounded by his foes, and was still defending himself when he was cut down.
More than 6, rebels captured after the defeat were crucified.