Land im Rausch der Selbstjustiz. Der neue philippinische Präsident zieht unter Protest von Menschenrechtlern neue Saiten im Kampf gegen den Drogenhandel. Der philippinische Präsident Duterte ist bekannt für seine derben Sprüche und hartes Vorgehen im sogenannten „Krieg gegen die Drogen“, der. Der philippinische Präsident Rodrigo Duterte ist für seinen blutigen Kampf gegen Drogen und Dealer bekannt. Aber auch gegen gewaltbereite.
8000 Tote im Drogenkrieg auf den Philippinen(Archivbild) Foto: AP/Robinson Ninal Jr. Manila - Tausende Opfer hat der Anti-Drogenkrieg des philippinischen Präsidenten Rodrigo Duterte. Manila - Tausende Opfer hat der Anti-Drogenkrieg des philippinischen Präsidenten Rodrigo Duterte schon gefordert. Jetzt ordnete das. Rodrigo „Rody“ Roa Duterte ist ein philippinischer Politiker. Seit dem Juni ist er Präsident der Philippinen. Von bis , von 20und erneut seit war er Bürgermeister der Millionenstadt Davao City auf Mindanao.
Präsident Philippinen Massenproteste gegen den philippinischen Staatschef Duterte VideoDer neue Präsident der Philippinen: Retter oder Diktator?
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Der Präsident hält seine Wahlversprechen. Die Strafe gilt nicht zwingend für alle Drogendelikte und auch nicht für Straftaten, auf die vormals die Hinrichtung stand - wie etwa Verrat oder Vergewaltigung.
Der Senat muss dem Gesetz noch zustimmen. Dort hatte das Duterte-Lager allerdings die Opposition weitgehend entmachtet. Gegner der Todesstrafe planen eine Anfechtung vor dem obersten Gerichtshof.
Die Annahme, die Todesstrafe könne das Land von Drogen befreien, sei schlichtweg falsch, erklärte die Menschenrechtsorganisation Amnesty International.
Ruling by decree during the early part of her tenure and as a president installed by revolutionary means, President Corazon Aquino issued Proclamation No.
Often called the "Freedom Constitution," the proclamation retained only parts of the Constitution that were essential for a return to democratic rule, such as the bill of rights.
This constitution was superseded on February 2, by the present constitution. Both Bonifacio and Aguinaldo might be considered to have been an inaugural president of an insurgent government.
The government considers Aguinaldo to have been the first president of the Philippines, followed by Quezon and his successors. For instance, the current president, Rodrigo R.
Duterte, is considered to be the 16th president. While the government may consider Aguinaldo as the first president, the First Republic fell under the United States' jurisdiction due to the Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish—American War ; the United States thus does not consider his tenure to have been legitimate.
Quezon is considered to be the first president by the United States. He is also the first to win a popular election and a nationwide election.
As with many other Axis -occupied countries in the Second World War, the Philippines had at one point two presidents heading two governments.
One was Quezon and the Commonwealth government-in-exile in Washington, D. Notably, Laurel was himself instructed to remain in Manila by President Quezon.
The inclusion of Laurel thus causes some problems in determining the order of presidents. The president of the Philippines, being the chief executive, serves as both the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
The constitution vests the executive power with the president who consequently heads the government's executive branch, including the Cabinet and all executive departments.
The president has power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, and remit fines and forfeitures after conviction by final judgment, except in cases of impeachment.
The president can grant amnesty with the concurrence of the majority of all the members of the Congress. The president also exercises general supervision over local government units.
The president also serves as the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. With the consent of the Commission on Appointments, the president also appoints the heads of the executive departments, board of members and its leaders from any national government-related institutions, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, high-ranking officers of the armed forces, and other officials.
Such appointments do not need the approval of the Commission on Appointments. Some government agencies report to no specific department but are instead under the Office of the President.
Article 7, Section 2 of the Constitution reads: "No person may be elected President unless he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines, a registered voter, able to read and write, at least forty years of age on the day of the election, and a resident of the Philippines for at least ten years immediately preceding such election.
However, with the case of Joseph Estrada who was elected president in , deposed in , and again ran for the presidency in , the Constitution's wording where "[the] President shall not be eligible for any re-election"  remains unclear as his case was never brought to the Supreme Court.
It remains unclear whether the term limit of no re-election applies only to the incumbent president or for any person who has been elected as President.
The president is elected by direct vote every six years, usually on the second Monday of May. The returns of every election for President and Vice President, duly certified by the board of canvassers of each province or city, shall be transmitted to Congress, directed to the president of the Senate.
Upon receipt of the certificates of canvass, the president of the Senate shall open all the certificates in the presence of a joint public session of Congress not later than 30 days after election day.
Congress then canvasses the votes upon determining that the polls are authentic and were done in the manner provided by law.
The person with the highest number of votes is declared the winner, but in case two or more have the highest number of votes, the president is elected by a majority of all members of both Houses, voting separately on each.
The president of the Philippines usually takes the Oath of Office at noon of June 30 following the presidential election. Traditionally, the vice president takes the oath first, a little before noon.
This is for two reasons: first, according to protocol, no one follows the president who is last due to his supremacy , and second, to establish a constitutionally valid successor before the president-elect accedes.
During the Quezon inauguration, however, the vice president and the Legislature were sworn in after the president, to symbolise a new start.
As soon as the president takes the Oath of Office, a gun salute is fired to salute the new head of state, and the Presidential Anthem Mabuhay is played.
The president then inducts the newly formed cabinet into office in one of the state rooms. Custom has enshrined three places as the traditional venue for the inauguration ceremony: Barasoain Church in Malolos City , Bulacan ; in front of the old Legislative Building now part of the National Museum in Manila; or at Quirino Grandstand , where most have been held.
She broke with precedent, reasoning that she wanted to celebrate her inauguration in each of the three main island groups of the Philippines: Luzon , Visayas , and Mindanao.
In the past, elections were held in November and the president's inauguration was held on December 30 Rizal Day. This ensured that when the inauguration was usually held at Quirino Grandstand , the new president could see the Rizal Monument on the anniversary of his death.
Ferdinand Marcos transferred the dates of both the elections and the inauguration to May and June, respectively, and it remains so to this day.
The dress code at the modern inaugural ceremony is traditional, formal Filipino clothing, which is otherwise loosely termed Filipiniana.
Ladies must wear terno , baro't saya the formal wear of other indigenous groups is permissible , while men don the Barong Tagalog. Non-Filipinos at the ceremony may wear their respective versions of formal dress, but foreign diplomats have often been seen donning Filipiniana as a mark of cultural respect.
The Constitution provides the following oath or affirmation for the president and vice president-elect which must be taken before they enter into office: .
Preserve and defend its Constitution, execute its laws, do justice to every man, and consecrate myself to the service of the Nation.
So help me God. The Filipino text of the oath used for the inaugurations of Fidel V. Aquino III reads: . Kasihan nawa ako ng Diyos.
Impeachment in the Philippines follows procedures similar to the United States. The House of Representatives , one of the houses of the bicameral Congress, has the exclusive power to initiate all cases of impeachment against the president, vice president , members of the Supreme Court , members of the Constitutional Commissions and the ombudsman.
In the Senate, selected members of the House of Representatives act as the prosecutors and the senators act as judges with the Senate president and chief justice of the Supreme Court jointly presiding over the proceedings.
Like the United States, to convict the official in question requires that a minimum of two-thirds i. If an impeachment attempt is unsuccessful or the official is acquitted, no new cases can be filed against that impeachable official for at least one full year.
The Constitution enumerates the culpable violation of the Constitution, treason, bribery, graft and corruption, other high crimes, and betrayal of public trust as grounds for the impeachment of the president.
Joseph Ejercito Estrada was the first president to undergo impeachment when the House of Representatives voted to raise the impeachment proceedings to the Senate in However, the trial ended prematurely where anti-Estrada senators walked out of the impeachment sessions when Estrada's allies in the Senate voted narrowly to block the opening of an envelope which allegedly contained critical evidence on Estrada's wealth.
Estrada was later ousted from office when the EDSA Revolution forced him out of the presidential palace and when the Supreme Court confirmed that his leaving the palace was his de facto resignation from office.
Several impeachment complaints were filed against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo but none reached the required endorsement of a third of the House of Representatives.
The official title of the Philippine head of state and government is "President of the Philippines. Laurel from the Commonwealth government-in-exile under President Manuel L.
Marcos consistently referred to himself as "President of the Philippines. The State of the Nation Address abbreviated SONA is an annual event in the Philippines, in which the president of the Philippines reports on the status of the nation , normally to the resumption of a joint session of the Congress the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The President shall address Congress at the opening of its regular session. The Constitution originally set the president's term at six years, without re-election.
Under the provisions of the amended document, only presidents Manuel L. Quezon and Ferdinand E. Marcos were re-elected.
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